Signal Integrity

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Nine Essential Principles of Signal Integrity

SIJ technical editor Eric Bogatin notes that there are some problems that occur over and over again across product families and applications. They have a handful of essential principles at their underlying root cause. In this blog, he explains that if we really understand these underlying principles, the root cause of the problems will be more apparent and their solutions closer to implement.


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How to Stop Your Differential Vias from Leaking

Can common via structures transfer any data rate or are they limited with a defined bandwidth? If so, what limits its bandwidth? And what can be done when the bandwidth of the signal is greater than the bandwidth of the G-S-S-G structure? This technical feature from Dror Haviv explains.


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Evaluating Oscillator Power Supply Noise Rejection: It’s the Total Jitter that Matters

Designers pushing the limits in their application can run into situations where the XO performance is inadequate for their next design due to the way it reacts to the noise and ripple in the power supply. To achieve optimal performance, they most likely will find they will need to do more than a simple datasheet evaluation to select their next XO. Read on for details on a PSNR test method to help select an optimal XO.


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Impulse Response from Insertion Loss

This article explains how to convert channel insertion loss data in a standard Touchstone file into the channel impulse response for time domain simulations. It also shows how some pre-processing of the Touchstone data can help improve results by eliminating the ringing that results from the use of frequency-limited measurement data. Read on to see how.


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Options for Copper Beyond 112 Gbps

Future data center and high-speed computation require faster connectivity to meet the increasing set of applications and bandwidth. IEEE and OIF have developed 106-112 Gbps per lane electrical interface specifications P802.3ck1 and CEI-112 G2 for the 400 GbE system. To meet the next-generation system bandwidth requirement, industry and standard bodies recently kicked off new projects aiming at 800 GbE or even higher speeds beyond 1 TbE. So what comes next beyond 112 Gbps for electrical interfaces over copper (Cu) channels? Will it be 224 Gbps?


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