Items Tagged with 'Gbps'


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IEEE802.3dj Work on 200 Gbps per Lane and How Different FEC Options Affect SI

In this article, Cathy Liu discusses how channel error models and FEC performance analysis have been updated according to industry changes, as well as how different Ethernet coding schemes have been studied and simulated for 800GE and 1.6GE systems with 200 Gbps per lane. Liu investigates concatenated FEC with soft-decision decoding for inner code to protect 200 Gbps optical link and the effect of different FEC options on system SI.

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The Reports of Copper’s Death May Be Exaggerated

About 150 years ago the first stable transatlantic cable was laid and messages were sent between Ireland and Newfound­land over copper. The data rate on this cable was not even 1 bit/sec, it was 0.1 bit/sec. Concerns over the cable reliabil­ity and the slow data rate led some to believe copper was doomed as a communication media for these long cables.

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Options for Copper Beyond 112 Gbps

Future data center and high-speed computation require faster connectivity to meet the increasing set of applications and bandwidth. IEEE and OIF have developed 106-112 Gbps per lane electrical interface specifications P802.3ck1 and CEI-112 G2 for the 400 GbE system. To meet the next-generation system bandwidth requirement, industry and standard bodies recently kicked off new projects aiming at 800 GbE or even higher speeds beyond 1 TbE. So what comes next beyond 112 Gbps for electrical interfaces over copper (Cu) channels? Will it be 224 Gbps?

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Convergence: Key to 224 Gbps PAM4 System Design

Convergence in technology is not a new idea. The concept infers that disparate technologies evolve to a closer association or integration over time. Convergence occurs when any number of technologies, such as micro twinax cables, ASIC design, interconnects, advanced IC packaging, and others combine to offer a unique system-level solution. Many see convergence as required for 224 Gbps PAM4 system performance. 

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